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Impact of Coalition Governance on India's 'Independent' Foreign Policy

Published On Thu, 13 Jun 2024
Sanya Ahuja
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Dr. S. Jaishankar's continuation as foreign minister signals a clear commitment to India's foreign policy objectives under Modi 3.0. However, there are concerns whether Prime Minister Narendra Modi's successes in foreign policy might face challenges in a coalition government scenario. Despite a potentially reduced mandate, there is widespread belief among politicians and analysts that India's pursuit of foreign policy under Modi 3.0 will remain steadfast. The government's emphasis on 'strategic consensus' and multilateralism is expected to propel India towards its goal of becoming a global powerhouse and the world's third-largest economy by 2027.
Modi's foreign policy initiatives have already elevated India's global stature, demonstrating a nuanced approach that prioritizes national interests. While India is recognized as an emerging great power, challenges lie ahead as global dynamics are shaped by China's ascent and Russia's resurgence, which challenge the US-dominated global order. The partnership between Modi and Jaishankar has maintained India's strategic autonomy by avoiding formal alliances with major powers, balancing relationships with the US, Russia, and China, as well as navigating ties between Israel and Middle Eastern nations.
Looking forward, the Modi government faces significant challenges, including pressures to align more closely with the US amid rising Chinese influence and security concerns. The debate over whether India should formalize its alliance with the US underscores differing viewpoints on India's foreign policy autonomy and strategic interests.
Critics argue that aligning closely with the US could compromise India's independent foreign policy stance, which Modi and Jaishankar are committed to preserving. They point to historical instances, such as the US invasion of Iraq, where alignment with the US might have conflicted with India's interests.
However, proponents of a closer US-India alliance highlight potential benefits, including economic cooperation, technological advancements, and enhanced security against Chinese aggression. They argue that such an alliance could bolster India's global influence and support its aspirations for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.
Ultimately, India's foreign policy decisions are rooted in pragmatic assessments of regional and global dynamics, including its complex relationships with China, Russia, and the Middle East. As Modi embarks on his third term, expectations are high for a more assertive Indian foreign policy that navigates global crises while safeguarding its strategic interests and diplomatic finesse.
Disclaimer: This image is taken from ANI.
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